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All this indicates Amin, committed...

Автор: olegj от 4-07-2013, 01:35

All this indicates Amin, committed...

All this indicates Amin, committed as part of the "natural" laws of the market economy. His conclusions regarding the effects of the ugliness and brutality of capitalist industrialization in developing - ddyuschemsya world fair. It is impossible not to share his indignation at the local oligarchy and international financial capital - the perpetrators of the suffering of millions of people on the planet. S. Amin - a major historian, whose writings on the history of Africa * received worldwide recognition. He deeply studied the historical development of African states, devoted much attention and originality of capitalist industrialization in these countries.

However, he exaggerates these features, reaching the denial of universal, universal laws of world history. Following P. Baran, he tries to prove that the import of capital if the newly independent countries would lead to the blocking of their economic development. Amin refuses to acknowledge that capitalist development in these countries, despite his deformed, disproportionate nature - it is still forward movement.

All this indicates Amin, committed...

Egyptian theorist is convinced that "peripheral capitalism" is as if the laws are fundamentally different, fundamentally different from those that were discovered by Marx for the "center of capitalism." Economic growth in the periphery, said Amin (along with a number of Latin American left-wing radical theorists), is growth without development, for capitalist production is mainly focused on the marketing abroad and does not create the internal market. He attaches great importance to open Lenin law of uneven economic and political development of capitalism in the era of imperialism, recognizing the organic connection of this law with the domination of monopoly capital. Later, however, he interprets the law of unevenness in the spirit of the anti-Marxist as an argument in favor of the non-applicability to the periphery of the universal laws of social development, as proof that the "peripheral information", including, in his view, the various modes of production are supposedly own laws of socio - economic development, fundamentally different from the socio-economic laws center.

Amin correctly notes that the export... Amin correctly notes that the export industries of these countries (as a rule, it is about affiliates of TNCs) Labour productivity is as high as in the center. But the overall economic picture in the presence of such an exclusion does not change. Egyptian theorist rightly points out that in the era of colonialism appeared deeply contradictory in its very basis of the system of international division of labor, which condemned the colonial and dependent countries on the role of the exploited silent partners of the imperialist center.

All this indicates Amin, committed...

The current participation of the developing countries in the international capitalist division of labor remains for them economically inevitable and after release. The recognition of a one-sided relationship (or asymmetric interdependence) of the young states of the metropolis as the main cause of their underdevelopment, which increases as the inflow of foreign investment in these countries meant that "unequal exchange" itself Amin said the only or even the main source of backwardness, although it plays a major role in perpetuating underdevelopment.

All this indicates Amin, committed...

"Generator" backwardness, according to Amin, is short-sighted and self-interested policies of the ruling elite of a number of newly independent states, which unleashes market forces and ensures free access of foreign capital in their own country. And in this he was quite right. This policy is entirely consistent with the interests of the imperialist powers, and not the interests of the developing countries. A major factor proportions in violation of the economic development of the developing countries that have embarked on the path of capitalist orientation, Amin believes competition for access to non-reproducible resources between "the modern capitalist sector" and the gigantic sphere where is semi-subsistence farming, which provides livelihood to millions of people in these countries.

Among the supporters of the theory of Emmanuel... Among the supporters of the theory Emmanuel is known Egyptian economist Samir Amin and historian. His views on the nature of economic relations with the imperialist center of the newly independent countries as a whole are a strange mixture of individual provisions leftists assured, if the development of the modern capitalist economy, the success of the working class in its struggle to improve living conditions in the advanced capitalist countries, the absence of the modern period of grand class struggles that shook the world of capital in and out - all supposedly serves as proof that the industrial proletariat politically and ideologically "integrated" into the capitalist system. Wide circles of the working class are averse to the terrorist activities of radical groups.

All this indicates Amin, committed...

Ego also gave rise to the ideologues levoradikalizma (especially Marcuse) to declare the loss of the proletariat of its revolutionary potential, the impossibility of its involvement in the fight against the power of capital. Such speculations were supplemented by statements about the loss of the communist parties of its revolutionary character, the starting point of origin under-development of individual countries S. Amin said the movement of capital from one country to another.

All this indicates Amin, committed...

This movement, in his opinion, is not able to create uniformity in the economic and social development, but rather gives rise to a deep division of the capitalist world into different, according to his definition, "public information", "capitalism center" and "peripheral capitalism". The accumulation of capital in the "old" capitalist countries is in accordance with the internal laws inherent in capitalism, the accumulation of the same on the periphery, rightly says Amin, is a distorted form, the deformation caused by the existing relations "center - periphery". An original core of the theory is the idea of ??Amina "unequal specialization." The division of labor on an international scale, in his opinion, due to the different levels of "absolute cost of production," dependent on productivity and wages.

According to his reasoning, the imperialist countries, due to historical reasons before the other foot on the path of capitalist development, have achieved a high productivity at a time when wages in these countries was close to the level that satisfies only the minimum physiological needs of the worker and his family. It was then that these countries became exporters of finished products to the periphery.

Later wages in the center began to grow, but at the same time increasing, says Amin, progress in labor productivity was so high that it has provided low cost of production in most industries. Countries on the periphery, where remained low and wages, and productivity could only export tropical products and raw materials. So there was unequal specialization, which became, as rightly said Amin, the cause and at the same time due to the uneven development of different countries. This was determined by the conditions of production and is reflected in the terms of commodity exchange center to the periphery.

 

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