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Currency - the currency...

Автор: olegj от 7-06-2013, 12:41

Currency - the currency...

Currency - the currency of the country Currency - the currency notes of a foreign state, as well as loans and debit balances denominated in foreign currency units and used in international transactions. Currency - international regional monetary unit of account and means of payment (ECU, the SDR, the euro, the transferable ruble). Monetary system - the state-legal form of the organization of international monetary relations. Tasks monetary system: Effective mediation of payments for exports and imports of goods and other activities in the relations between the countries. Creating an enabling environment for the development of production Expanding and limiting the intensity of international monetary relations mobility of economic resources from one country to another than expanded limited degree of national economic independence.

can move the economic functions (unemployment, inflation). National monetary system - a specific order of the State of cash payments to other countries.

It includes the following elements: 1. National currency 2. Terms of reversibility of the national currency 3. Parity of the national currency 4. Mode of the national currency 5. The presence of absence of currency restrictions in the country 6. National regulation of international monetary liquidity country 7. The regulation of the use of international means of circulation 8. Mode of national foreign exchange market and gold market 9. The national body serving and regulating currency relations of the country. The world monetary system - a form of organization of international monetary relations established on the basis of the development of the world economy and fixed by international agreements.

Convertibility - an opportunity for the participants of foreign economic transactions legally exchange the national currency into foreign currency and vice versa without the direct intervention of the state in the process of exchange. According to the degree of convertibility are the following currencies: Freely convertible (back) Partly Convertible Closed Clearing Currency SLE - free and unrestricted exchange for foreign currency, ie it has a full external and internal convertibility (and sharing applies to all transactions and payments). Partial control: the national currency of the country where applicable foreign exchange restrictions for residents and for certain types of exchange, ie This currency is exchanged for certain types of foreign currencies and in all types of international traffic.

Currency - the currency...

Closed: the national currency, which only works in one country and not exchanged for foreign currency. Clearing: settlement currency units that are under bank accounts and payment transactions are made between countries that have concluded an agreement clearing the payment type of mandatory set-off of international claims and liabilities arising from the cost of equality commodity supplies and services rendered (SDRs, the euro, the transferable ruble).

Exchange rate - the price of the currency of that country, expressed in the currency of other countries, ie it reflects the interaction of the spheres of national and world economy. The exchange rate as the price of any commodity has its cost basis and varies around it, depending on supply and demand.

Currency - the currency...

Exchange rate parity - the ratio of the weight of gold content in the currency of one country to the gold content in the currency of another country. In each country, apply measures to control exchange rates. In the practice of international monetary relations in terms of paper money circulation, the following exchange rates: A fixed rate.

The fixed exchange rate - a system that involves the presence of registered parities underlying exchange rates. Real-fixed rate, which is based on the gold parity Contractual and fixed rate, based on an agreed standard by which parity is recorded and agreed size limits, tolerances quoted market prices from parity. Flexible rate - a system by which currencies have no official parities.

Currency - the currency...

Floating rate varies depending on supply and demand in the market Hesitant - depends on supply and demand, but adjustable, national banks (currency intervention) in order to smooth out temporary swings. Factors influencing the formation of the exchange rate: The purchasing power of the monetary unit The rate of inflation The balance of payments The difference between interest rates in different countries Speculative currency transactions The degree of confidence in the currency on the world market State regulation of foreign exchange rates Quote - the definition of the exchange rate:

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