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The other factor...

Автор: olegj от 30-06-2013, 01:54

The other factor...

The other factor of production - capital - all allegedly rewarded equally, because, as he says, the rate of profit in all regions of the globe is the same amount. (The third factor - the land and the associated ground-rent, the landlord took out, it leaves unanswered. ) This inequality of remuneration of labor in different countries, according to Emmanuel, is the result of unequal mobility of factors: in the capital it is quite large, and at work, on the contrary, low or close to zero, because capital is free to aspire to any country, and the transition of workers in the search of work from country to country is associated with great difficulties. All this, in his opinion, is reflected in the pricing. Because the factor of "capital" is everywhere the same remuneration, higher prices for products produced in the industrialized world, are the result of higher pay another factor - labor.

The crisis of neo-colonialist practices... The crisis of neo-colonialist methods of economic exploitation of the developing countries has become the focus of research left radical theorists who contributed to the exposure of the goals and methods of imperialist policy.

They seek to expose the features of parasitism and decay of the last stage of capitalism, and to identify their impact on the historical fate of the non-socialist orientation. They are uncompromisingly raise the question of historical responsibility of capitalism (as in the past, and present) for their inability and unwillingness to repair or replace the system of over-exploitation of the developing countries. Radical leftist theorists have correctly noted the active role of imperialism, interfering with the process of economic and social development of the developing countries and seeks struggled to keep the unequal relations within the capitalist world economy, which have emerged during the colonial period. Many of them, especially the A. Frank, S. Amin, A. Malek, are aware that without the elimination of the world system of capitalism fundamental changes in the system of international economic relations are not possible.

The other factor...

However, they clearly have no idea how you can achieve the destruction of capitalist oppression. Their works reflected the frustration and impatience that possessed by many scholars and public figures in the developing countries, when they saw that the conquest of economic independence - is the main condition for the elimination of backwardness - is not such a simple and easy task, as it seemed to them in the first post-liberation.

There is nothing surprising in the fact that at first they looked for the most simple explanations of backwardness, suitable as a political slogan for the masses. Drawing attention, like left-wing radical theorists in the developed countries, especially in the sphere of circulation, radical leftist political economists of the liberated countries considered in the first place necessary to explore the roots of underdevelopment from the perspective of moving the "economic surplus" in the scale of the world capitalist economy. Therefore, from the beginning in the liberated, especially in Africa, countries have spread the views of the French left-radical theorist Emmanuel L. outlined in the book "unequal exchange", which was first published in Paris in They are based on studies of conflict relations linking the liberated states with the countries of the developed capitalism.

The other factor...

Following Baran and Sweezy, Emmanuel introduces a number of participants in this conflict, another "character" - the working class industrially developed capitalist countries - and puts the participant on the side of the "trade", in the words of Emmanuel, imperialism. Trade, he calls it because it displays the origin of unequal trade, of unequal exchange between different countries. According to him, the country-metropolis with a harsh climate, people are born to a higher demand for food and clothing, seized the backward countries, with the help of non-equivalent exchange pump out of these countries' economic surplus "to raise wages to their workers.

This uneven development, he argues, causes permanent, progressive poverty of the population of some countries and the enrichment of others. Developed capitalist countries... Developed capitalist countries is exported to the periphery.

The other factor...

On the contrary, they are convinced that it is a systematic robbery of the periphery of pumping out not only the surplus, but a large part of the necessary product of the developing countries in favor of the imperialist metropolis. This conviction rests on a solid foundation, as the total loss of the newly independent states of the neo-colonial exploitation are tens of billions of dollars annually.

Predatory policy of the imperialist powers has led to an increase in the economic gap between the developed capitalist and free states. This is reflected in the number and in the growing difference between the absolute values ??of the mean per capita income of the capitalist center and the periphery (with this difference increased, times).

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