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Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt...

Автор: olegj от 19-04-2013, 02:36

Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt...

Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt in 1890.) Among the short-term institutions can be called St. Petersburg society of mutual credit and St. Petersburg Private Commercial Bank, which was the first joint-stock bank. By 1872, the banking system of Russia consisted of: State Bank; social and urban land banks; private banks: long-term loans - mortgages with mutual responsibility and liability; bail urban real estate - urban credit societies, short-term loans - joint-stock commercial banks, mutual credit societies, which appeared in 1863, village savings and loan associations Mutual Credit, emerged in 1870 At the beginning of the 1880s. in Russia, there were 44 joint-stock banks (first introduced in 1864), with 49 branches, 83 mutual credit societies, 729 savings and loan associations, 32 commercial banks, 232 urban community bank.

Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt...

In addition, there were banking offices, trading houses, money-changing stalls, which carried out a considerable amount NESS purely banking operations and also attracted The funds of clients for the implementation of high-risk operations. The extensive development of the banking system was interrupted by the First World War. But by 1914, there were 600 financial institutions and 1,800 bank branches, which are shared by the state, public and private. To the public concerned: State Bank. The Commission maturity of government debt, state savings banks (1834), the State Land Bank of nobility (1885) and the Peasant Land Bank (1881).

To the public and private banks were: 50 joint-stock commercial banks, urban credit of 300 societies and urban public banks active in rural banks, public wa mutual Land Credit (1866), 80 companies of mutual short-term loan 15450 savings and loan associations, 16,000 credit unions, village, township and stanitsa banks and cash, 11 credit unions with 558 and 4724 public associations of peasant small-loan institutions. Most large banks have li: St. Petersburg International Bank (1869), Russian Bank for Foreign Trade (1871), St. Petersburg Discount and Loan Bank (1869), St. Petersburg Private Commercial Bank (1864), the Azov - Don Commercial Bank (1890), Volga-Kama Bank (1870). Since the First World War, the decline of the Russian banking system, and in 1917 - complete its reorganization. In 1917 he was declared a monopoly on banking, which resulted in the nationalization of private commercial banks and other credit institutions and their merger with the State Bank, renamed the People's Bank of the RSFSR and transferred to the jurisdiction of the People's Commissariat.

In 1918 he was banned the activities of foreign banks. The development of the policy of "war communism" has led to the need for a localized center budget financing, which resulted in the abolition of the People's Bank and transferring its functions to the 1920 People's Commissariat. However, the total decline of the banking system was not followed, since the transition to the NEP in 1921, called for her recovery. And in the same year, was re-created the State Bank of the Russian Federation, and in 1922 - the banks and consumer cooperatives Prombank.

Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt...

As of 1922-1924. emerged a number of banks and credit institutions and the banking system has once again become a ladder.

Mutual Land Credit (now bankrupt...

In 1924, VTB was established as a joint stock company. Its shareholders are the state, cooperative and public organizations. This bank was managed by the State Bank of the USSR, and was engaged in lending to foreign trade and international payments. In 1925 in Russia there were State Bank Prombank, Torgbank (serving trade) and Selkhozbank (lending lished agriculture).

In this case highlights both central and national agricultural banks, the Central Bank of utilities (Tsekombank), cooperative banks (Vsekombank). There were also companies, sector, regional banks, especially the Far East, Middle Asia, the Bank for Foreign Trade, mutual credit societies, agricultural credit societies, savings banks, credit cooperatives. The appearance of these links the credit system was due to the development of small-scale production in need of credit.

Therefore, the system of cooperative credit caters to all kinds of co-operation, as well as directly to farmers and artisans. At the same time, mutual credit societies are mutual associations of artisans and entrepreneurs to take deposits and make loans to under the control of the People's Commissariat. Intended purpose of each previously called the bank does not mean their rigid specialization. They tried to attract customers from different areas of the national economy properties, thus reducing their risk and gave stability.

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