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The European System of Central...

Автор: olegj от 1-05-2013, 11:21

The European System of Central...

The European System of Central Banks (ESCB) The organizational structure and functions of the ESCB The European System of Central Banks (ESCB) - is the international banking system, consisting of a supranational European Central Bank (ECB) and the national central banks (NCBs) of states - members of the European Economic Community. The existence of this system is an integral part of the educational process of the European Economic and Monetary Union. On the structure of the ESCB is somewhat similar to the Federal Reserve System in the United States, consisting of 13 banks led by The Bank of New-York, and generally performs the role of a central bank.

At the same time, the national central banks of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden are members of the European System of Central Banks with special status: they are not allowed to participate in decisions regarding the execution of the single monetary policy for the "euro zone" and implement these solutions. The European System of Central Banks includes the European Central Bank and the national central banks of the countries - participants of "the euro zone.

The European System of Central...

" The statutes of the ESCB and the ECB proclaimed the independence of these organizations from the other organs of the Union, the governments of the countries - members of the EMU, and any other institutions. This is consistent with the normal status of the central bank as part of a country. However, it is essential to fixed in a special article charter "general principle", according to which the European System of Central Banks control the direction ("decision-making bodies"), the European Central Bank, and, above all, by the Board of Governors. The Board of Governors, the supreme governing body, comprises all members of the Executive Board of Directors and management of CS only the countries - participants of the European Economic and Monetary Union.

The main functions of the Board of Governors are: adapting instruction and decision-making, ensuring the achievement of the goals of the European System of Central Banks; Identify key elements of the EMU monetary policy, such as interest rates, the amount of minimum reserves by national central banks, the development of specific instructions on how to carry it out. In addition, the Board of Governors approves the rules of the internal organization of the European Central Bank and its governing body, the ECB acts as a consultant and determines the order of presentation of the European System of Central Banks in the field of international cooperation. Executive board of directors includes the President, Vice-President and four members selected from among the candidates who have extensive professional experience in the financial or banking sector. They are appointed by the citizens of the member countries of the EMU at a meeting of the heads of the governments of these countries on the proposal of the Council of Europe, after consulting the European Parliament and the Council of Governors of the ECB (for the next election). Executive board of directors shall conduct monetary policy in accordance with the instructions and rules adopted by the Board of Governors of the European Central Bank and, therefore, direct the actions of the securities, if necessary by taking departmental instructions.

The European System of Central...

The General Council, the governing body of a third of the European System of Central Banks, including the President and Vice-President of the European Central Bank and the Governors of the national central banks of all countries of the European Economic Community, regardless of their participation in the EMU. The General Council shall perform the functions previously performed by the European Monetary Institute and continue to be in the third phase plan for EMU. The primary objectives of the General Council are the following: Implementation of advisory functions of the ESCB; Collection and processing of statistical information; Preparation of quarterly and annual reports on the activities of the ECB as well as the weekly consolidated financial statements;

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