But the onset of the general and continuous overproduction levoekstremistskie theorists believe these may interfere with the absorption of "surplus" in the industrialized countries themselves. The growth of "absorb" surplus depends on two factors: the extent of the arms race and to enhance the purchasing power of the population consuming the output. The purchasing power of the population is determined primarily by the size of the real wages of workers. Its increase (or stabilization) is a consequence of persistent strike action, which in the hard conditions of the trade unions are against monopoly capital. But in the eyes of theorists levoradikalizma very urge the working class to defend their rights is as vital as "economism" as a counter-revolutionary action, leading to a slowdown in the process of over-accumulation of "surplus" and, therefore, to postpone the general collapse of the capitalist system.
Workers' desire to improve the conditions of work and life given by these theorists for "frenzied consumerism" "one-dimensional man." This man as the embodiment of a society of mass consumption becomes an object of contempt and hatred of the radical Left. Due to the constant... Due to the constant desire of the ruling circles to "save" at the expense of workers have continued upward trend of the difficulties of the gross national product. But this is not an indication of validity of the conclusions of the radical leftist economists' fatal inevitability "of increasing unrealized" economic surplus.
" After all, increasing the rate of accumulation in the production is quite compatible with the slowdown of private consumption in the capitalist countries and at the same time leads to "absorb" surplus. Arguments about the fatal consequences of the accumulation of "economic surplus", as if that should lead to "automatic collapse" of capitalism, become so necessary logical link, which lacked a general sociological concept of the radical Left * One of its leading theorists Herbert Marcuse's "proved" the fact of loss the proletariat of the industrialized countries of their revolutionary instinct.
He connects with a loss of excessive growth, "prestigious" consumption of the workers. It was only possible because, he argues that the growing "sverhzarplata" workers.
He made this conclusion, as set out in the book "One Dimensional Man", on a purely speculative basis. Marcuse criticized modern society "industrialism" and presented it as a unified, standardized, like a giant mechanism that inhibits a person's will and disfiguring his mind. By brutal violence and a variety of non-violent action that society, he argues, unifies man, forcing him to stabilize the whole system needs that often are not reasonable, and refer only to the pursuit of the bourgeois middle-class prestige.
Mass culture, ubiquitous advertising, suppressing the consciousness of the individual, complete his spiritual enslavement. Secondly, in the post-war period in the... Secondly, in the post-war period in the highly developed capitalism was observed to some extent, the expansion of the internal market for goods of personal consumption. This happened because the technological revolution gave rise to a growing number of highly skilled workers with higher wages.
The growing influence of the Communist and workers' parties and trade unions, in the "economic surplus" left radicals, as already mentioned, include not only the surplus, but also part of the desired product (so-called "sverhzarplatu"). But outside the country, in their opinion, the "surplus" should be implemented for less "sverhzarplaty", as it is consumed domestically Growth strike fights under the growing influence of the world socialist system increased the capacity of workers to seek higher wages. In a number of developed capitalist countries the proletariat succeeded in passing laws on social insurance, the introduction of unemployment benefits and old age. That's why there was an increase in growth and personal income of workers, which led to increased demand for consumer goods, including durable goods.
But from the middle, starting with the crisis - and to date, there is a persistent tendency to slow down the growth rate of personal consumption as a result of wage restraint, and in some countries even to reduce it to the absolute. This has been considerably contributes to the policy of the bourgeois governments to "save".
It is touted as the "fight against inflation" for lower real wages and social benefits reduces effective demand. And such a reduction, say the bourgeois apologists, should lead to lower prices and therefore either reduce or even eliminate inflation. These arguments have no good reason.
It is known that in today's price is determined by the value of MMC is not only the play of market forces (of supply and demand), and to a great extent the policy of monopoly pricing. Most prices - is firmly established monopolies and arbitrarily raise prices. In addition the rate of inflation is even more dependent on the arms race, have greatly accelerated in the United States during the Reagan administration.