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Автор: olegj от 8-04-2013, 09:45


Wages. In a typical venture fund general partners receive an annual payment equal to 2% of the fund invested in equity and 20% of the net profits from all the assets sold at the exit from the fund (called the agreement "two and twenty", comparable to other payments in most hedge funds ). Due to the fact that the funds could end up capital before the end of its existence, the big venture capitalists are investing in several funds at the same time, allowing you to save a large firm of specialists at all stages of the development of firms and almost constant function. Smaller firms tend to thrive and fail with their initial industry partners. By the time the funds go out of business there is a completely new generation of technologies and people that the general partners may not know sufficiently, and therefore reasonable to reassess and change industries or personnel rather than trying to invest more in the industry and the people with whom partners already familiar with.


The mobilization of venture capital. Venture capital is not suitable to all entrepreneurs. Venture capitalists are usually very carefully choose what to invest: by a rule of thumb, a fund may invest only in one of the four hundred opportunities presented to it. Funds are most interested in risky enterprises with high growth potential, as only such opportunities likely to provide financial returns and successful exit for the required period of time (usually 3-7 years), the expected venture capitalists.


The need for high income makes venture funding an expensive capital source for companies, and most suitable for businesses that need a huge start-up capital, and that can not be financed by cheaper methods, such as debt financing. This is most common with intangible assets such as software and other intellectual property rights, the value of which is not yet verified. In turn, this explains why venture capital is most prevalent in the fast-growing technology sectors, as well as in biotechnological industries.

If the company has the qualities that are needed to venture capitalists, such as a great business plan, a good management team, investment and enthusiasm of the founders, a good potential to exit the investment project before the end of the financial cycle, the expected rate of return of at least 40% a year, then it will be easier to raise venture capital. Alternatives to Venture Capital. Because of the stringent requirements for potential investments of venture capitalists, many entrepreneurs are looking for sources of start-up financing from business angels, who will be more willingness to invest in risky, yet promising projects, or who have previously had a good relationship with the entrepreneur. Furthermore, many venture capital firms will be seriously considered investing in start-ups unknown to them, only on the condition that the latter will be able to prove at least some of the benefits of its technology, product or service over the other analogues.

In order to achieve this, or even to avoid the dilutive effect of obtaining financial resources to prove these benefits, many start-ups are beginning to look for ways to self-financing. They do this until such time as they are able to turn to outside investors, such as venture capitalists or business angels, and have not yet to have behind a higher level of trust.

This practice is called self-sufficiency. Since the days of the Internet boom, companies and so far there are disputes about what a gap between investments from friends and family, which typically range from 0 to 250 thousand dollars, and the amounts that choose to invest the majority of venture capital funds - 5.2 billion. dollars. This financial gap increases, as some successful venture capital funds have become accustomed to invest large sums of money and, therefore, look to the recipient companies more active in the search for investment opportunities.


This 'gap' is often filled with business angels. According to the National Venture Capital Association, the latter now invest in the United States more than 30 billion dollars a year.

For comparison, venture financing invest $ 20 billion a year. Companies operating in the areas where assets can be securitized effectively because they reliably generate future cash flows of income or have good potential for resale in case of foreclosure, can borrow to finance its growth at lower interest rates. A good example is capital-intensive industries such as mining and manufacturing. Offshore funding is provided through a special venture capital trusts, which are trying to use securitization in structuring hybrid multi-market transactions across the enterprise, specialized units - divisions of the corporation, created specifically for the purpose of financing.

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