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It happened organizational merging...

Автор: olegj от 1-01-2013, 13:09

It happened organizational merging...

It happened organizational merging of science and production, which served as the condition for the development and survival of ?????????????????????????? concern. The "case" MNCs put forward as the need to create your own naukovosproizvodyaschego security, but a dedicated profile and higher in quality than in the surrounding environment concern. All these aspects of securing... All these aspects of security required, in turn, is a special, social service, which began to be built. Of course, the emerging social policy objectives of MNCs are not limited scientific infrastructure.

It happened organizational merging...

Historically, however, yield concerns in the international arena was characterized by precisely this necessary condition that put them at once and social activities on an industrial basis. Organizational merging of science and production has led to the emergence of a new type of science - a powerful and extensive industry okoloproizvodstvennyh study that followed (as a natural consequence) and the advent of a new type of scientist. It should be noted that such an expansion of the scope of tasks that international concerns at this stage sought to solve, put forward new criteria for evaluation of the labor force as a whole (both academic researchers and prac - tick-producers).

It happened organizational merging...

As part of the production programs of multinational business was "moving apart a quality manual labor - involvement in the production of surplus value of all the parties and the potentialities of the human person." Merging production and science, along with maximizing profits, meant involvement, the use of directly in the production process of "intellectual and human psychic energy, his ability to think logically, calculations, memorization, and sometimes to the heuristics and creativity." The organizational imperative Along with the transformation of the biggest monopolies in the supranational system sotsioproizvodstvennye obschekapitalisticheskogo scale, centralized plan subordinates and virtually ignoring the intra-national "particular" in the implementation of these plans on the ground, there was a becoming international corporations themselves as a qualitatively new organizational structures.

"Since the beginning of the industrial revolution - wrote, for example, C. Heimer - businesses become permanent tendency towards consolidation, from the studio to the factory, from her - a national concern, then - to the international trusts and, finally, to the multinational corporations. By themselves, the giant organization in international trade are not new, they are a typical form of the period of mercantilism...

But all of these trading firms as well as large mining companies and plantations were only precursors of a multinational group. Like the dinosaurs, huge in size, but with a small brain, they ate lush new worlds (the planters and the owners of the mines in America were real tyrannosaurus rex). " Such an explanation of the... Such an explanation of the changes as concerns the evolution of the organization was typical of the bourgeois economists and ideologists. It was a step forward compared with the earlier position that the power of MNCs is derived mainly from their size. But it's limited understanding of the problem, it has retained all the features of a dominant bourgeois conceptions of management "theory of managerialism", where many of the qualitative assessments of modern capitalism were derived mainly from the organizational qualities of the production systems.

It happened organizational merging...

Against the logic of mere "gigantism" protested many theorists MNCs. The same S. Hymer in the late years of notice that "the firm reaches its maximum growth when the cost advantages of scale overlap administration," and that international corporations overcome market forces do not just samouvelicheniem. Crucial here takes on the improvement of their organizational structure. And in the early years of the division of labor within the factory for those who plan and those who carry out planned, begun to consider "a defining moment of modern civilization, its root", the condition of the production of national corporations that combine multiple functions and extending to entire regions.

"In order to ensure, in accordance with the new strategy covering the whole continent vertically-integrated production and the market, was formed by a new management structure" - so valued in Hymer's new stage of development of the MNC. "The family business, which was under the strict control of a few individuals dedicated to the most thorough way in all aspects of its activities, has become a kontsernovuyu management pyramid. Capital gained new strength and new perspectives. " But the thing that stressed the theorists on this new:> tapas of MNCs - an extension of the "region of conscious co-operation": the need to conduct business on a large geographical areas has forced manufacturers to create centers of the "special function of which was to assess the state of l growth of the whole organism and its planning.

The organization thus aware of itself and has gained a certain extent, control of their own history and development. "

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