According to Kresser, international business willingly subsidized the Federal Republic of Germany is a policy of the Government, taking part in specific cases, but such programs. It was so oriented "assistance program" substantially expanded and, of course, turned out to be uzkotselenapravlennymi, representing the interests of foreign business. Receiving "help" the government eventually went to favorites MNCs direction. Getting a profession and job, "foreign company" tried to tightly close the "over." The focus of the firm was also...
The focus of the firm was also a socio-psychological aspect of the establishment of working groups. Thus, there is an extreme socio-cultural differences between different national squads labor MNEs complexly approach to learning. For example, for the initial preparation of the future godilos personnel training in the field. Called the practice considerations are not so much of a financial nature as social and psychological.
In the areas of governance MNCs have realized that when training on the ground, first, to remain in the safety of family, religious, and cultural ties. Second, in house training does not create "unnecessary" firm guidance gleaned by "foreign" territories. Finally, there is no difficulty with the "return.
" Household gap that exists between developed and developing countries, as well as the manifestations of non-Western cultures to study abroad office is trying to rapidly overcome. Often, it adapts so strongly that firms face a "problem": how to return the already trained worker to the place of production. Managers of firms say that counter-arguments put forward the unexpected return of the workers, that is, no longer satisfied with the climate in the country, style, type of food that they previously had not "noticed". Characteristically, the method of "training ground" and most importantly - the installation itself to preserve the national stereotype tolerated in the management of MNCs are not mentioned programs and partially lower the average level of professional training.
As soon as it came to the high level of training and re-training, the position of firms changing, appeared set to "on the export", and together with it to actively undermining the national stereotype. Of these stages to a total overall approach taken by many corporations in the formation of the personnel. This general principle is clearly formulated, for example, the company "Siemens", "Education - in a developing country, raising the level of training - in Germany.
" As we can see, a number of these... As we can see, among the above two imperatives are forcing MNCs to active social activities, the need to provide a unique organizational system adds a third: the need for in-house training of its own staff. The implementation of these "necessities" inevitably led inter-national concerns related to the interception of the social functions of the state. Of course, MNCs have resorted to it only as needed, but this measure is more dense weave activities "Multinatsionalistov" in the social fabric of the country of reception, led in the transformation of industrial enterprises in kopleksnye system as a whole - a social institution.
Involvement in the environment by the time when the basic office corporations and their foreign affiliates have at their disposal a centralized and decentralized production structure, extensive scientific and academic structure, thus they have become multinational, with all the new imperatives. It was found that their staff could not confine social enclave. He had to deal not only with the inner space of social concern, but inevitably drawn into the regulation of the complex, volatile social and political environment within which they found themselves.
With the proliferation of their power, the social sector and control over the activities of MNCs caused more severe reactions to the social environment. We have already pointed out that in these circumstances the old behavior patterns of concerns - "as little as possible to catch the eye," to act "with a tight-lipped" - has ceased to operate.
Passive resistance and even outright hostility towards them outsiders demanded concentration of managerial effort and financial resources not only within the enclave, but also around it. "International business is experiencing serious difficulties in acquiring friends - noted American Corporation for Public Opinion Research in the early years - the increasing criticism of concentrated economic power, profit and anonymity of large corporations caused a very unfavorable social climate in relation to big business. This change of position makes it clear that the business should be more convincingly prove in deeds and in words, that he deserves the public trust. Otherwise, public support for the system of private enterprise will be reduced, increasing the current trend to create a centralized, state-managed economy. " Scaring the threat of international managers gain "state-led economy," the authors of the Report of the Association in the book "International Management" called "anonymous corporations to open the conquest of" public support, ie, the active promotion.